What is Preeclampsia or Eclampsia? Preeclampsia vs Eclampsia High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy


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What is eclampsia? Preeclampsia vs. eclampsia Eclampsia is a condition that only occurs
during pregnancy and causes seizures, usually late in the pregnancy. It is a rare condition,
affecting 1 in every 2,000-3,000 pregnancies every year.
The condition follows a high blood pressuredisorder called preeclampsia. In preeclampsia, high
blood pressure levels in the mother reduce the supply of blood to the fetus. This can
mean that the fetus does not receive as much oxygen and nutrients as it should.
Many of the pregnancies affected by eclampsia or preeclampsia are first pregnancies. Around
70 percent of cases in the United States are in first-time pregnancies.
While eclampsia can be fatal if untreated, it is very rare for pregnant women to die
from the condition in developed countries. Globally, eclampsia accounts for approximately 14
percent of maternal deaths. In the majority of cases, preeclampsia symptoms are mild and
do not require any intervention other than monitoring and possibly diet change.
Preeclampsia vs. eclampsia Eclampsia is the final stage of preeclampsia
and requires immediate medical attention. Most cases are detected early in the pregnancy
before they can progress to eclampsia. While there is no cure for preeclampsia, doctors
will often prescribe medications to lower blood pressure or anticonvulsant medications to
prevent seizures. With both preeclampsia and eclampsia, the
only cure is for the affected mother to give birth. Mild cases of preeclampsia can be monitored
throughout pregnancy to determine whether or not it is safe to let the pregnancy go
to term. More severe cases might require immediate
intervention, often in the form of induction or cesarean delivery. Most commonly, a cesarean
delivery will be required to prevent the rise in blood pressure that is often seen during
childbirth.