Health Network, For Public Health Hi, you are listening to audio on mangyte.vn website Hypertensive people should avoid any food Hypertension is a common disease, and a very important risk factor in the pathology of the heart and blood vessels. Detecting and treating early, properly hypertensive conditions, will significantly reduce the incidence of cardiovascular complications such as stroke, myocardial infarction, renal failure, and so on. A reasonable diet, science, is an important factor, to prevent and fight high blood pressure. Nutrition requirements for patients with hypertension are:reasonable diet, adequate substances, ensuring the cardiovascular work well Avoid or limit high blood pressure diseases such as atheroma, high cholesterol, diabetes, liver failure, kidney failure, and so on. To do so, the selection and use of food should be as follows: 1. Energy:35 Kcal / kg body weight per day. Overweight and obese people need less, to lose weight, because weight loss is a very effective antihypertensive agent. Salt pickles are very delicious, but the food hypertensive patients should not eat, because they contain salty salts. Protein, protein:0.8 to 1 g / kg / day:Fish is a good food for the cardiovascular system, because there are effective cardiac protection. However, to change the taste, both meat and fish should be used for meals every day. Use lean meat of poultry and cattle such as:buffalo, cow, goat, pig, chicken, duck, goose and so on. Note the use of a variety of vegetable protein such as soybeans, black beans, green beans, sesame, peanuts, and so on. If kidney complications occur, it should be reduced to 0.4 to 0.6 g / kg / day. 3. Sugar Powder, Glucose:As the main source of energy for the body, it is necessary to eat enough to meet the needs of labor and daily life. Avoid eating too much to gain weight, but do not eat too little, not enough energy to live and work, will be skinny, malnourished, susceptible to many other diseases. Grain should be used as:rice, sticky rice, potato. Sugar should be restricted, as it can cause harm to the teeth, to the pancreas, especially in people with diabetes. Honey should be limited as other sugars, only as directed by the doctor. Fat, lipid:15 to 20% of energy. Eat less fat, butter oil, fish oil, soybeans, peanuts, sesame oil is best. Remove foods that contain high cholesterol such as brain, heart, heart, liver, eat less eggs. Vegetables and fruits:These foods are essential for people with hypertension, as well as other cardiovascular diseases Thanks to the advantages:it contains potassium and almost no sodium, is very beneficial for the heart, vegetables, fresh fruits contain many natural vitamins And plenty of antioxidants, which contribute to anti-aging, are high in fiber, essential for digestion, and help eliminate cholesterol. 6. Mineral Salt:There are health benefits like potassium, magnesium, calcium, except for sodium. Eating more sodium will cause high blood pressure, eat less than 5g / day, including salt seasoned in food and sauce. Many studies have shown that diets rich in potassium will lower blood pressure. Calcium plays a role in stimulating the smooth muscle of the arteries, making the blood vessels elastic. Calcium is found in many foods including animal bones, fish, clams, shellfish, mussels. In addition, people with hypertension should not use spices such as peppers, pepper, no smoking, waterpipe, avoid alcohol, coffee, tea, because the nerve stimulation increases blood pressure. Strengthen the physical activity, at the level appropriate to the patient, walk about 30 to 45 minutes / day. Avoid nervous tension. 7. Foods that people with high blood pressure should take. – Rice, sticky rice, sweet potato, taro, potatoes, beans, peanuts, sesame. Vegetable oils, other than coconut oil, palm oil. – Tofu, soybean milk, yogurt, butter milk powder, when the milk should be less sugar. – Low fat meats:Poultry, lean pork. – Fish, shrimp and crab. Eggs should only eat one to two servings a week. – Green vegetables:vegetables, water spinach, vegetables, vegetables, spinach, ginseng, bean sprouts, and so on. – Enhance boiled, steamed, lightly cooked dishes. Ripe fruits:banana, papaya, orange, tangerine, apple, dragon fruit, watermelon, cucumber, tomatoes, and so on. – lotus seeds, leaves, flowers, boiled corn, boiled water, and so on. Foods to avoid:Fatty meats, broths, fatty fish. Organisms:brain, heart, liver, oval, stomach, heart, and so on. – Concentrated tea, coffee, alcohol, cigarettes. – Salty foods:melon, tomato, fish sauce, shrimp sauce, shrimp sauce, and so on. – Prepared foods:ribs, pate, sausage, canned meat, and so on. – animal fats. – Confectionary, sweet and sugar, limited. – You should limit fried foods, spin. Doctor:Nguyen Thanh. The content of this post is ending, you have questions, questions please share the comments below this article. Please subscribe to the Health Network channel, share this article with your friends and follow up with the next audio. Hope this article will bring you many useful things. Wish you always healthy.