Multiple Myeloma Cancer Overview

Multiple Myeloma Cancer Overview


Multiple myeloma is a type of blood cancer
that begins in plasma cells, a type of white blood cell. The cancerous plasma cells grow
out of control and collect in the bone marrow and they form tumors in the areas of solid
bone. The growth of these bone tumors weakens the solid bones and also makes it harder for
the bone marrow to make healthy blood cells and platelets Symptoms include:
Bone pain Broken bones
Fatigue and feeling weak feeling very thirsty
frequent infections and fevers weight loss
nausea or constipation frequent urination No one knows the exact causes of multiple
myeloma, but it can run in familes. Multiple myeloma is more common in older people and
in African Americans. Treatment depends on how advanced the disease
is and whether symptoms are present. Treatment may include chemotherapy drug like bortezomib,
stem cell transplantation, radiation, or targeted therapy. Targeted therapy uses medications
that recognize and attack cancer cells without harming normal cells. Methods to prevent cancer include a healthy
diet, exercise, and avoiding certain risk factors including smoking and alcohol.