Hi everyone and welcome to my ted talk
Just kidding. My name Is Armine Kazarian and in this presentation
we will be discussing the condition Hypertension Blood pressure is determined by two measurements.
Systolic pressure and Diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is determined by amount
of blood being pumped through the arteries and diastolic pressure is determined by the
rest between heart beats. Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure,
is a condition in which the blood consistently exerts high pressure against the walls of
the blood vessels. This ultimately causes the heart and blood vessels to work much harder
and less efficiently. Over an extended period of time, this pressure causes damage in the
form of micro tears to the artery walls which allows plaque to build. As the plaque builds
it continues to slowly clog the pathway further, raising the blood pressure further as well.
If we look over to the chart on the left provided by the American heart association, we can
see the proper ranges for all of the various types of blood pressure. The green bar illustrates
the normal range being less than 120 and less than 80 According to the American Heart Association,
prehypertension and hypertension are one of the most common conditions in the U.S. affecting
1 in every 3 adults. If we look over to the right we can see that
there are several factors that may increase risk for hypertension. Now there are two categories.
Some of these factors are non-modifiable meaning that we cannot change them. Risks that fall
under this category include age, ethnicity, genetics and gender. Hypertension is more
common in people who are over the age of 60. This is because, as we grow older, our arteries
stiffen and become more narrow due to the accumulation of plaque.
GENDER; According to a journal published by Bethany Everett, studies have found that men
were found to not only be more hypotensive than women but also have lower levels of hypertension
Other factors are modifiable such as the amount of exercise, the cessation of smoking, limiting
consumption of alcohol, food high in sodium, as well as LDL otherwise known as bad cholesterol. Part of what makes this condition so dangerous
is due to the fact that most of the time, there are little to no indications or warning
signs. Unfortunately, these signs and symptoms won’t appear until blood pressure has already
reached a dangerously high level. This is especially an issue for those who aren’t aware
that they have the condition. It is also common for those who have already been diagnosed
to dismiss the situation because the symptoms aren’t necessarily evident or causing any
discomfort. We can see how this may form a lack of urgency in these patients to monitor
themselves or seek any form of treatment. However, going an extended period of time
with elevated blood pressure levels can lead to more life-threatening problems which include
arrhythmia, heart attack and stroke. The initial course of action in treating hypertension
begins with altering the patient’s lifestyle. The first aspect of this is incorporating
a physical exercise plan. It is recommended to workout 3-5 days a week for 75-150 minutes.
These workouts can range from low to high intensity and may include activities such
as. walking, jogging, cycling. The other aspect revolves around stricter
diet. Consuming more fruits and vegetables and cutting out dietary salt.
The second important thing would be taking medications as they as they are prescribed
by your doctor. These will assist in managing blood pressure.
Lastly, each individual should have their blood pressure checked frequently to ensure
hypertensive episodes do not surpass dangerous levels. Preventing hypertension is essentially making
an effort to live a balanced lifestyle. Of course saying that is easier said than done.
Living in the U.S we are surrounded by an abundance of unhealthy choices. The convenience
of fast food, and busy lifestyles make for innutritious food consumption and sedentary
lifestyles. However instead of overindulging, we can enjoy all things in moderation.
Avoiding smoking, alcohol, and bad cholesterol intake will drastically lessen chances of
attaining hypertension as these three factors contribute to the hardening of arteries otherwise
known as atherosclerosis Not only will we protect ourselves from hypertension
but also other prominent diseases such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. And here I have listed my resources. Thank
you all for watching.