14 Shocking Facts About Insulin Resistance And Diabetes You Have To Understand


insulin resistance and diabetes what is
the difference between insulin resistance and diabetes and is insulin
resistance the same thing as pre-diabetes today we’re going to talk
about 14 facts that you have to understand if you want to optimize your
health or if you have loved ones or wanting to improve any of these
conditions stay tuned I’m Dr. Ekberg I’m a holistic doctor and
a former Olympic decathlete and if you want to truly master health by
understanding how the body really works make sure you subscribe and hit that
notification bell so that you don’t miss anything
instantly resistance pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes is what we’re gonna talk
about today the number one thing to know is that it affects 30 million people in
the u.s. that’s about 10% of the population with full-blown type 2
diabetes out of those people 25 percent don’t know that they have it so as high
as the numbers are these problems are still under diagnosed number two 84
million people another 84 million on top of that have
officially insulin resistance that means that they are over five point seven on
the a1c and out of all those people ninety percent don’t know that they have
it so even though they’ve done some research they still don’t understand
really how big of a problem this is and the people who have it don’t know they
have it so they’re not changing they don’t know to change anything
insulin resistance is also called pre diabetes or pre type-2 diabetes because
very often or even typically if you have insulin resistance then within five
years it will have progressed to type 2 diabetes so we need to understand that
these are progressive mechanisms we wear out the body and if you want to get a
true idea of how big this problem is then understand
the number one cause of weight gain is insulin resistance so it’s not like
every obese person has insulin resistance and every skinny person does
not but there’s a pretty close correlation between the two and
officially eighty seven point five percent of the people in the United
States are overweight so that should give you kind of an idea of how big this
problem really is that whether wherever we we draw the line for what we’re gonna
call insulin resistance eighty seven point five percent probably have a
significant degree of insulin resistance number five there is a big drive from
official government agencies to identify to diagnose the problem but when people
are identified and diagnosed and treated then they add on on average if they get
diagnosed at age 50 it will add on on average a hundred eighty thousand to two
hundred and fifty thousand dollars to their healthcare costs during a lifetime
and they will end up having an eight year shorter life span than they would
have without the diabetes so there’s the problem that’s sure we want to find out
we want to identify we want to understand the problem but even when
they find it it just becomes expensive and people
still don’t live normal full lives so getting it diagnosed and treated is not
a fix in any way fact number six it is the number one cause of amputations
amputations of toes and feet and fingers and so forth it is the number one cause
of blindness and it is the number one cause of kidney failure leading to
dialysis it is the number seven overall cause of death but once we understand
that it is the causative factor it’s the primary causative mechanism in what’s
called metabolic syndrome or syndrome X
which essentially is associated with higher blood pressure increased
cardiovascular disease and increased stroke that it’s basically the causative
mechanism of all those conditions then we understand that it’s not really the
number seven cause of death it is by far the number one cause of death because
it’s contributing to many of the other higher ranked conditions when we look at
the prevalence by age group then we see that people between 18 and 44 only 4%
have type 2 diabetes and that might seem like okay well that’s a good number but
realize that 50 years ago the people in this age group had close to 0% type-2
diabetes and then when they between 45 and 64 now it is 17 percent almost one
in five is like one in six when they’re over 65 one in four twenty four percent
have type-2 diabetes so realize that when these people when the 65 year olds
were teenagers then there were virtually no people that had type 2 diabetes that
was a disease reserved for middle age and up 50 and up younger people hardly
ever had it because it took so long to develop and when we look at it today and
the youngest group then 200,000 kids have type 2 diabetes something that was
unheard of fifty years ago and in the age group 10 to 19 the the rate is
growing by 4.8% every year so it’s it’s accelerating it’s not just growing
steadily it’s an accelerating growth so when we talk about insulin resistance
and diabetes we need to understand that it’s a continuum it’s a continuum of
insulin resistance all the way from just having a little bit of extra insulin to
the point where your system is completely broken and the
is just spilling out into the urine because the levels are so high the
kidneys can’t contain it so think about it this way the green here is this is
blood glucose and this is insulin so green is normal that means we eat
something our blood sugar goes up a little bit and then insulin goes up to
match it and the insulin of course lowers the blood sugar that’s the
purpose of insulin to guide the sugar out of the bloodstream and into the
cells and then when the blood sugar is normal insulin comes down to a very low
level again so that would be something like a normal fasting blood glucose of
about 80 and a fasting insulin level of three but then if we keep eating foods
that stimulate a lot of blood sugar so this is primarily carbohydrates and
sugar then we get higher blood sugar this is the orange so now we get greater
blood sugar swings and with higher blood sugar so instead of normal the blood
sugar would rise this much now the blood sugar Rises that much and now we need a
higher dose of insulin to guide that blood sugar out and then the blood sugar
comes down and insulin comes down but it doesn’t come down all the way because
the cells are starting to become insulin resistant the cells are saying hey we’ve
have too much fuel and the purpose of the insulin is to drive that fuel into
the cell but if the cell has had enough it’s going to start resisting so with a
green with a normal situation we have blood sugar go up insulin comes up and
they both return to baseline but with a little bit of insulin resistance
now the blood sugar goes up and the insulin comes up higher and the blood
sugar comes back to normal but the insulin doesn’t so now we’re starting to
get insulin resistance but we can’t tell from Joe
looking at the blood sugar and then we’re looking at when we’re starting to
wear the system out if we keep doing this for 20 30 40 years and this why we
see these numbers increasing with age because it takes decades to break the
system unless you’re just totally totally abusing the system and then you
start seeing some cases here even in the kids once we start having severe insulin
resistance and diabetes now the blood sugar goes sky-high
the insulin goes way way high but even with that super high insulin the blood
sugar still won’t come down and the insulin stays up and that would be the
red arrow here so it’s a continuum insulin resistance and diabetes are not
two different things they’re just different degrees of the same thing so
you go all the way from insulin sensitive to mildly insulin resistant to
moderate to severe ly insulin resistant to full-blown diabetes when you have
broken the system and even with all that insulin it still can’t get the blood
sugar down below a hundred and eighty so now we have sugar spilling over in the
urine and that’s where the name comes from diabetes mellitus or mellitus and
what that num name means diabetes means flow-through and Meletus means sweet so
they used to actually diagnose diabetes with tasting the urine and if it was
sweet they know they had diabetes that before any sophisticated tests but
that’s the mechanism that’s where the name comes from when the blood sugar
rise is so high that it pushes out through the kidneys where the kidneys
can’t reabsorb it because there’s just so much of it then we’re starting to
totally break the system now we’re getting kidney damage and we’re getting
inflammation and we’re starting to set ourselves up for all these long
degenerative problems that result in amputations and blindness and kidney
failure so that’s the continuum of insulin resistance and we need to
understand that out of the two factors the blood glucose and the insulin the
insulin is the real problem that first of all the blood glucose doesn’t
necessarily change for the first 10 20 years but in the long run it’s still the
insulin that is the big problem when we understand that it’s not a blood sugar
problem now we can start addressing it we need to reduce the insulin we need to
stop eating the foods that trigger the most insulin we need to give the body a
chance to burn off some of that fuel before we put more in and if we
understand that then we unfortunately also understand that treatment is going
to make it worse because the cell is already overloaded the cell already has
too much fuel we packing it full of sugar the sugar turns into fat and the
cell is bursting at the seams that’s why when it’s full it becomes resistant but
the treatment is aimed at the blood sugar the treatment is aimed at pushing
more sugar into the cell but it already has too much so whether you take
something that like metformin that’s supposed to make your cell more insulin
sensitive that can help the insulin short term because the cell will allow
it in without you creating crazy amounts of insulin but
you’re promoting the process of overloading that you are still making
the problem of overloading worse you’re still driving the insulin resistance
because you’re packing the cell even more and once the problem is so bad that
no amount of the body’s production of insulin can keep up then they start
injecting insulin but because they think that the glucose is
the only problem the real problem is insulin and they’re treating the insulin
problem with more insulin so even though they can’t control blood sugar a little
bit they will make your diabetes and your insulin resistance and your
metabolic syndrome worse they’ll drive more blood pressure more cardiovascular
disease and more stroke the cause the blood sugar is just the effect it’s just
rising because the body can’t keep up you gotta help the body keep up by not
overloading it and if you understand that then we get to the number 14 fact
that you have to understand is that it is 90 plus percent reversible there’s
always going to be a few cases that are just too far gone but the vast vast
majority of these cases can be reversed it is an overloading problem of things
that trigger insulin primarily sugar and carbohydrate and if you stop adding them
so much and so often the body will have a chance to burn something off if you
keep eating sugar and carbs and you keep taking things that will enhance the
loading of these things into the cell then you’re going to just perpetuate it
and keep making it worse a couple of quotes to illustrate this when I looked
at the definitions for diabetes mellitus they say it’s sometimes called a sugar
diabetes it’s a condition that occurs when the body can’t use glucose normally
but what is normal is it what we’ve done for the last 50 years or what we’ve done
for the last hundred and fifty thousand years right
so our DNA is way way old it hasn’t changed in modern times so whatever our
ancestors ate is what we are adapted to but and that was normal we might have
found a little bit of fruit a few berries beehive a couple times a year we
ate maybe ten 15 maybe 20 grams of sugar per day
today the official guidelines tell us that the body is supposed to process
glucose normally that means getting about 70 grams of carbohydrate which
turns into sugar from grain another 75 grams from fruit which they say can be
fresh frozen canned or dried they tell us to eat low-fat or fat-free dairy
three cups a day that’ll give us another 40 grams of sugar and then they say
don’t eat more than 10% of your total calories from sugar that from added
table sugar that’s another 50 grams so 235 grams of sugar or grain which will
turn into sugar in a few minutes that is probably ten times the amount that your
body is designed for 10 times the amount that it can keep up with long-term so if
you eat this amount your body can tolerate it it will take a while before
you break your carbohydrate processing machine and in some people it breaks
after 10-15 years and in some people it breaks after 3040 years but we’re on
pace to getting basically the majority of the population being diabetic as when
we get older so we have to rethink what normal glucose processing is the body is
not defective it only breaks when we abuse it the second quote I wanted to
mention was diabetes is a serious disease that can often be managed
through physical activity diet and the appropriate use of insulin and other
medications to control blood sugar levels this is still the official
viewpoint that it’s appropriate to use insulin and medication to control blood
sugar and when they talk about controlling it or managing it with diet
they’re talking about eating this kind of diet so as long as we believe that
that’s normal and they’re treating it with drugs and
insulin is appropriate we’re not going to change anything we might lower the
percentage of people who have high blood sugar by forcing more of it into the
cell but in the process we are going to increase insulin resistance where you to
increase metabolic syndrome and we’re gonna promote all the problems
associated with insulin resistance and diabetes so how do you reverse it I’ve
made several videos that go into a lot more detail I think you’ll really enjoy
those but basically you want to eat less sugar less carbs you want to eat fewer
meals you want to get some exercise and you want to work on reducing your stress
all those things are factors that drive insulin and insulin resistance by
reducing them you’ll give the body a chance to recover if you’re new to the
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